Check out these free notebook pages The 4 main systems (or spheres) of the earth and introduce students to the scientists they are studying.
What are the most important earth systems? the atmosphere, geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere (and cryosphere)
The download link for these free sites can be found below!The earth works as a series of interconnected systems. These four great Earth systems are often referred to as spheres and include the
- the atmosphere
Scientists study the physical, chemical, and biological components of these environments. By dividing the earth systems into subcategories, scientists can more easily study and understand the natural cycles and processes of the planet.
This semester my youngest is doing a unit Oceans and Oceanography – a study of the earth Hydrosphere. I wanted to be sure that she knew this was one of four great systems that all are connected & connected with each other.
The atmosphere: The atmosphere is the layer of gas that surrounds the earth, keeps the planet warm and provides oxygen for breathing and carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. Scientists who study the atmosphere are called in Atmospheric researcher. Those who study the weather are called Meteorologists. And those who study seasonal variations over months, years, or centuries are named Climatologists.
Geosphere: The geosphere comprises the interior and surface of the earth. Both are made up of rocks and minerals. The scientists who study this sphere are called Geologists.
Hydrosphere: This is the part of the earth that is covered by water. Oceanography is the study of the physico-chemical and biological properties of the ocean. The scientists who study the oceans include oceanographers or marine biologists.
Cryosphere: This includes those parts of the earth’s surface where water is in solid form, including sea ice, lake ice, river ice, snow cover, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, and frozen ground.
Biosphere: This is the part of the earth that can support life. The biosphere extends from the subsurface (about ten feet deep where plant roots, animals, insects, bacteria live) and underwater (as deep as the ocean trenches) to higher in the atmosphere where life (plants and animals to microbes) can exist. Within the biosphere, living things form ecological communities based on the physical environment of an area. These communities are referred to as Biomes. Scientists who study living organisms and systems are named Biologists. Those who study plants are called botanist. A ecologist is a scientist who studies the relationship of living things to their living and non-living environment.
If you’re doing units like Earth Sciences, Earth Strata, Weather, Biology, and Earth Biomes, or on the oceans, you may want to check out the Earth’s basic spheres as well.
These are both included in the Earth Science Pack and I will be adding the new activity to the Ocean Unit soon. My youngest is doing a big ocean unit this fall, so we’ve looked at this … and also the names of scientists who could study these systems.
I’ve created new notebook pages about the major systems on earth to go through with my daughter who is studying Oceanography (i.e. the hydrosphere) this autumn. This is the quick notebook / interactive notebook activity I made for her. She will add this to her science notebook.
These can be downloaded for free (although, as mentioned above, I include them at the beginning of the Earth Science Packet and Ocean Unit). 🙂 ~ Liesl
Click on the link or the picture below to download these free notebook pages.
FREE PDF: Earth Systems – Notebook Pages and Interactive Notebook Activity
Here you can find out more about our science packages and how we covered the individual areas:
We’ve looked in depth at the geosphere – ie. our Geoscientific unit where we talked about
- Earth’s place in the solar system
- the layers of the earth
- Geographical terms: Earth’s axis and seasons; Latitude longitude
- Worksheets for plate movements, types of plate boundaries
- Earthquake (and we made our own earthquake shaking table!)
- 4 types of worksheets for mountains, 4 types of worksheets for volcanoes, parts of a volcano worksheet
We also spent a lot of time studying the layers of the atmosphere and then did a weather session.
Weather unit: clouds, winds & weather
Last spring we drove over clouds, winds, fronts and more in our weather unit.
When the children were younger we did a lot of mini-units for animals. You can find more information about the Animal Unit, Rainforest Unit, and other material we covered in Class K-3 here on the Big Animal Bundle page.
Biology package: When the kids were in upper elementary school and middle school, we did one unit on top of the other Biomes and talked about the energy pyramid, Food chain / food weband various biological relationships (symbiosisReciprocity, etc.).
Ocean unit: There is so much to learn about the Earth’s oceans – everything from marine habitats and water forms to the features of the seabed, marine life, bioluminescence, and much more! We covered this unit when my kids were in middle school and supplemented it with the wonderful documentary. Blue planet – and now Blue planet 2 (with my youngest who is doing this session this fall).
Well that’s it for today!
See you soon here or with us Homeschool’s Facebook page! Don’t forget to subscribe to our Homeschool Den newsletter. You may also want to check out some of our resource pages mentioned above (e.g. our Science, Language, or History Unit resource pages) which have links to dozens of posts. You may want to join our free Homeschool Den Chat Facebook group. Don’t forget to visit our shop too.
If you are interested in our Homeschool Den newsletter, you can register here.
The Series of greetings Contains 5 packaged emails… tips on homeschooling, motivating, finding various resources and freebies on the blog, and more!
Plus, you’ll be the first to find out about new packs (which usually come at a discount when they’re first released), seasonal resources, and more!
Happy homeschooling! ~ Liesl
Note: We are not the author of this content. For the Authentic and complete version,
Check its Original Source