The beautiful autumn weather makes it perfect for extending the harvest. This fall planting guide covers 17 popular crops to help you grow more food.
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When should I plant seeds for autumn?
The table below shows when to start seeds relative to your fall frost date.
Example: start the lettuce seeds indoors 11 weeks before or sow outside 9 weeks before your fall frost date.
Click here to find your fall frost date. Do you need help getting started? Get my step-by-step guide on how to start seeds indoors.
|Name of the harvest||Inside
|Beans||N / A||N / A||12 weeks earlier|
|Beets||N / A||N / A||9 weeks earlier|
|broccoli||18 weeks earlier||11 weeks earlier||11 weeks earlier|
|carrot||N / A||N / A||11 weeks earlier|
|cauliflower||15 weeks earlier||11 weeks earlier||N / A|
|Collard Greens||15 weeks earlier||11 weeks earlier||11 weeks earlier|
|garlic||N / A||N / A||week|
|Kale||16 weeks earlier||11 weeks earlier||11 weeks earlier|
|Kohlrabi||N / A||N / A||8 weeks in advance|
|Green salad||11 weeks earlier||9 weeks earlier||9 weeks earlier|
|Peas||N / A||N / A||12 weeks earlier|
|Potatoes||N / A||N / A||15 weeks earlier|
|radish||N / A||N / A||5 weeks in advance|
|Turnip||N / A||N / A||12 weeks earlier|
|spinach||N / A||N / A||7 weeks earlier|
|Swiss chard||13 weeks earlier||9 weeks earlier||9 weeks earlier|
|Beets||N / A||N / A||8 weeks in advance|
Autumn planting is an important aspect of the year-round harvest. You can find more tips on preparing your garden for autumn here. Don’t forget to plant your garlic! Here is my favorite variety.
Note for hot climate gardeners
If you live in a hot, dry climate or at high altitude, frost dates may not always be the best guide for autumn planting. Instead, wait for temperatures to steadily drop below 90 degrees.
Check with Your local branch office to get specific details on your individual conditions.
Would you like to learn more about starting and planting seeds?
You can find a lot of such information in my award-winning book. The Suburban Micro-Farm.
Get your start dates automatically calculated for you!
Just a little planning and organization is required to stay on track and get started at the right time. Imagine a tool that you put in your frost date and that automatically calculates the following for EVERY PLANT:
- Start dates for seeds indoors
- Transplant dates
- direct sowing outside the dates
- Follower planting (how many days between sowing for a continuous harvest)
- Distance in the garden
- Days to harvest
- Suggestions for planting companions
- special soil changes
The good news: this tool exists and is only one of four BONUS DOWNLOADS that you get when you purchase The Suburban Micro-Farm! For more information on all of the bonuses, please see my article, Four Garden Planning Tools You Will Need.
Do you need more inspiration?
Did you extend your harvest season into autumn?
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