Hyperpigmentation is a common problem in the body. It happens when dark spots and blemishes appear on the skin due to the overproduction of melanin or an acne scar. Inflammation, melasma and sun exposure are common causes of hyperpigmentation.
To even out the skin tone, there are thousands of products in the form of serums, lotions and more. Read on for six of the best hyperpigmentation treatments.
Vitamin C serum
Of all the serums, from eyelashes to hyaluronic acid, vitamin C is one of the most effective. This is because vitamin C is an antioxidant that reduces fine lines by stimulating the collagen in your skin and brightening your complexion.
The best vitamin C serums are suitable for all skin types, whether greasy, prone to acne or dry.
Brightening creams are available over-the-counter and can help reduce skin pigmentation. While available at the local drug store, doctors can prescribe stronger doses of lightening creams.
You should apply these creams once or twice a day. Most of these products contain several common ingredients, such as vitamin B-3, licorice extract and hydroquinone. Brightening creams can be a lifesaver for spots of discoloration and overall uneven skin tones.
Facial acids are a special type of treatment in which the surface of the skin is stripped to balance the tone. The peeling allows you to create new cells and take on the role of your old cells.
Through this process, skin tone and texture balance and become smoother. Some common ingredients in facial acids are azelaic acid, kojic acid and salicylic acid.
Chemical peels contain acids in much higher concentrations than the treatment of the affected part of the skin. By removing the epidermis, this treatment reduces the occurrence of hyperpigmentation.
Stronger versions of this treatment can also remove the dermis, the middle layer of the skin, for better results. Irritation, redness and even blistering are possible side effects of this treatment. People with age spots, blotchy skin, or sun damage could be good candidates for chemical peels.
The microdermabrasion is only carried out in the office and is used to correct hyperpigmentation. Dermatologists use drill-like tools during this procedure to remove the epidermis of your skin.
The epidermis is removed by taking the grinding tools and moving them quickly and gently over your face. Because the scars are superficial, some microdermabrasion treatments may be required to get the best results. A similar treatment called dermabrasion is done in the same way, but its effects penetrate deeper layers of the skin to get a longer-lasting result.
Retinoids are antioxidants that come from vitamin A. It is their job to communicate with new skin cells and to ensure that they reach the surface. These are some of the oldest and most trusted ingredients. They penetrate deep into the skin to effectively treat hyperpigmentation.
Retinoids are available either without a prescription or with a prescription. Usually, however, the retinoids available in the drugstore are less concentrated.
Retinoids can be effective for all skin tones, but always consult your doctor before starting a new skin care regimen.
Talk to your dermatologist
If you suffer from hyperpigmentation and are looking for ways to balance your skin tone, there are many treatment options available. And if you can’t afford a dermatologist, over-the-counter options like retinoids and vitamin C serums can also fix those problems.
However, if you have severe hyperpigmentation, certain procedures such as microdermabrasion may work for you. Always talk to your dermatologist about the best products for your face before you buy products that you are not sure about.
Try these products to treat hyperpigmentation and you will notice clearer skin with regular use.
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