This unique reservoir and spa design by Margot Krasojević Architecture for the Ilam District in Eastern Nepal proposes a fog crop structure to protect the water and natural environment of the region. The conceptual project would use a network of solar pumps, pipes and valves, as well as a system of reservoirs connected to hanging polypropylene fog nets. Once completed, it could produce an average of 3,000 to 5,000 liters of filtered water a day.
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The region is known for its many tea plantations, the subtropical climate, the different heights and the high humidity, which together create the perfect conditions for the formation of fog. Instead of consuming valuable water for the agricultural landscape, this hydrotherapy health vacation focuses on using a fog net to measure the humidity – with the added benefit that nearby farms are supplied with filtered water.
Related: AQUAIR portable mist collection harvests clean drinking water from the air
According to the architect, the practice of collecting fog and condensate is rooted in ancient traditions, from the Namib Desert in Africa to dew ponds in southern England. This contemporary adaptation uses mesh nets that are draped and embedded and woven into the edge of the site to capture most drops of water depending on the wind direction. The drops of water that make up the mist are blocked by the network. Then these droplets flow through the filters and trickle down into a collecting trough.
The water is then piped through and stored in three pools, one inside to anchor it to the site and two to feed the spa and use it for agricultural irrigation and drinking water. The fog nets are kept clean with electricity and free of toxins, mold and microorganisms. The electricity dissolves and removes air pollutants and dust.
The location of the project was determined based on where the best conditions for harvesting and maximum production efficiency can be created. The nets are suspended in sections to allow for adaptation and to take the natural contours of the property into account.
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