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10 main differences between Firebase and Firestore
Difference between Firebase and Firestore: The latest version of Google’s Cloud Firestore, the new document database for applications, has made many comparisons between this and the previous Firebase database. The most obvious performance difference that most users point out is that the current Firestore uses documents and collections that make queries easier to use than Firebase.
However, there are more nuanced differences. Google’s Firebase is the older and original database, while the Cloud Firestore is the newer database for developing mobile applications, which offers more extensive and faster queries.
10 distinctions between Firebase and Firestore
1. Data model: Both Fire base DB and Cloud Firestore are NoSQL databases. The way they store user data. Firebase DB stores data as a large JSON tree. Here, sample data is very easy to store, while complex hierarchical data is more difficult to organize and store. Cloud Firestore stores data as a collection of documents to simplify the organization and storage of complex hierarchical data.
2. Offline support: While both databases support local data storage for offline-enabled apps, the Cloud Firestore extends this offline support to web clients as well as to iOS and Android clients
3. Presence: Sometimes a user needs to know when a client is online or offline. Firebase DB can record client connection status and provide updates every time the client’s connection status changes. This feature is not natively supported by Cloud Firestore.
4. Queries: This includes retrieving, sorting, and filtering data from a database using queries. The main difference is that Firebase DB offers extensive queries, but only has limited sorting and filtering functions. Queries can sort or filter, but not both – and Firebase DB queries do not require an index. However, Firestore offers indexed queries with composite sorting and filtering. Queries here are flat and indexed by default.
5. Write operations and transactions: With both database solutions, users can write data and transactions. The difference, however, is that Firebase DB offers basic write and transaction operations, while Cloud Firestore offers advanced write and transaction operations.
6. Reliability: While both database solutions are reliable, it is worth noting that Firebase DB is a single region, while Cloud Firestore is a multi-region solution that is available worldwide in a multi-regional configuration.
7. Scalability: Scaling Firebase DB requires a process called shading for simultaneous connections over 200,000 and 1,000 writes per second in a single database. Firestore scaling is automatic and the scaling limit is around 1 million concurrent connections and 10,000 writes per second.
8. Security: The Firebase real-time database uses a cascading rule language that separates authorization and validation. Firestore uses non-cascading rules that combine authorization and validation.
9. Pricing: Cloud Firestore primarily charges for operations performed in its own database, as well as for a lower rate, bandwidth, and storage. Firebase DB fees depend on bandwidth and memory, but at a higher rate.
10. Simple operation: Recent user reviews indicate that the newer Cloud Firestore offers more accessible services that are more organized and easier to use than the original Firebase database.
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