- COVID-19 is the disease caused by the new coronavirus that hit China in December 2019.
- COVID-19 symptoms include cough, fever and shortness of breath. COVID-19 can be serious and some cases have resulted in death.
- The new corona virus can be transmitted from person to person. It is diagnosed with a laboratory test.
- There is no coronavirus vaccine yet. Prevention includes washing your hands frequently, coughing up the elbow, and staying at home when you are sick.
Corona viruses are a type of virus. There are many different types and some cause illness. A newly identified type recently caused an outbreak of a respiratory disease called COVID-19.
Lauren Sauer, M.S., Operations Manager at the Johns Hopkins Office of Critical Event Preparedness and Response and Research Director at the Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit, provides information about COVID-19 and what you need to know.
How does COVID-19 spread?
COVID-19 can be passed from person to person through droplets of cough and sneezing. COVID-19 has been detected in people around the world and is considered a pandemic.
The spread of this new corona virus is being monitored by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the World Health Organization, and health organizations like Johns Hopkins around the world.
How did this new corona virus spread to humans?
COVID-19 was released in December 2019 in Wuhan, a city in China. Although health authorities are still tracking the exact source of this new corona virus, early hypotheses suggested that it could be linked to a fish market in Wuhan, China. Some people who visited the market developed viral pneumonia caused by the new corona virus. A study published on January 25, 2020 found that the person with the first reported case fell ill on December 1, 2019 and had no connection to the fish market. Research is currently underway into how this virus originated and spread.
What is the incubation period for COVID-19?
It appears that people experience symptoms within 14 days of exposure to the virus.
COVID-19 symptoms include:
- to cough
- shortness of breath
In rare cases, COVID-19 can lead to severe breathing problems, kidney failure or death.
If you have a fever or breathing difficulties such as coughing or shortness of breath, call your doctor or doctor and explain your symptoms over the phone before going to the doctor’s office, emergency room, or emergency room. Here are suggestions if you feel sick and fear you may have COVID-19.
If you have a medical emergency like severe breathlessness, call 911 and tell them your symptoms.
What is corona virus?
How is COVID-19 diagnosed?
Diagnosis can only be difficult with a physical exam, since mild cases of COVID-19, similar to the flu or a bad cold, can occur. A laboratory test can confirm the diagnosis. Learn more about COVID-19 tests.
How is COVID-19 treated?
There is currently no specific treatment for the virus. People who develop COVID-19 should be treated with supportive measures: those that alleviate the symptoms. In severe cases, there may be additional treatment options, including research drugs and therapeutics.
Does COVID-19 Cause Death?
By March 25, 2020, 19,625 deaths were attributed to COVID-19. However, 111,822 people have recovered from the disease. This information comes from the Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases card developed by the Johns Hopkins Center for Systems Science and Engineering.
Is this corona virus different from SARS?
SARS stands for severe acute respiratory syndrome. An outbreak of SARS began in China in 2003 and spread to other countries before ending in 2004. The virus that causes COVID-19 is similar to the virus that caused the 2003 SARS outbreak: both are types of coronavirus. Much is still unknown, but COVID-19 appears to be spreading faster than the 2003 SARS and can also cause less serious diseases.
How do you protect yourself against this corona virus?
It is important to practice good hygiene, breathing etiquette and social distance. Read more about how you can protect yourself.
Coronavirus: What do I do if I feel sick?
About corona viruses
- Corona viruses are common in various animals. In rare cases, an animal coronavirus can infect humans.
- There are many different types of corona viruses. Some of them can cause colds or other mild respiratory problems (nose, throat, lungs).
- Other corona viruses can cause more serious diseases, including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and middle eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS).
- Corona viruses are named after their appearance: under the microscope, the viruses look as if they were covered with pointed structures that surround them like a corona or crown.
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