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Ask HRW (Israel and Palestine) 5 – The Trump Peace Plan: Is This the “Deal of the Century” or Not? Atheism

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Omar Shakir, J.D., M.A. works as director for Human Rights Watch in Israel and Palestine. He investigates a variety of human rights violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory / Occupied Palestinian Territory or oPt / OPT (Gaza and West Bank, including East Jerusalem) and Israel. He earned a B.A. in international relations at Stanford University, an M.A. in Arabic Studies at the School of Foreign Affairs at Georgetown University and a J.D. at Stanford Law School. He is bilingual in Arabic and English. Before that he was one Bertha Fellow at the Center for Constitutional Rights focusing on US counter-terrorism policies, including legal representation of Guantanamo detainees. He was the one Arthur R. and Barbara D. Finberg Fellow (2013-2014) for Human Rights Watch with investigations during this period on human rights violations in Egypt, e.g. the Rab’a massacreThis is one of the biggest killings of protesters in a single day. He was also one Fulbright scholar in Syria.

Here we continue with the fifth part of our series of talks, about regular updates, the American context for the Israelis and ongoing human rights issues, the publication of the American peace plan, the reactions of the international community and the publication of the UN database for settlement companies and some Explanations of allegations about the relationship between HRW and the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya. As a note, Shakir’s work permit was revoked following the decision of the Israeli Supreme Court in late 2019 (Krauss, 2019). Similar actions can be seen with ongoing travel bans on others, including Amnesty International, Laith Abu Zeyad (Amnesty International, 2019a; Zeyad, 2019; Amnesty International, 2020) employee. The representatives Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar were barred from entry (Romo, 2019). Dr. Noam Chomsky was previously refused entry (Hass, 2010). Dr. Norman Finkelstein was deported in the past (Silverstein, 2008). With Shakir’s deportation following the decision of the Israeli Supreme Court, Shakir is working for this session in Amman, Jordan.

* The interview was conducted on February 17, 2020. *

Scott Douglas Jacobsen: In the previous session, session 4, we covered some of the feedback and responses that got in my way (Jacobsen, 2020a; Jacobsen, 2020b). However, I can see that some of them are likely to come to others that deal with similar human rights violations and violations of international law [Ed. Shakir noted, in “Human Rights Watch (Israel and Palestine) on Common Rights and Law Violations,” the following, “It is a similar pattern everywhere. Israel-Palestine, we have seen the same dynamic. The Israeli government says that we are biased against them. When we released reports, as we have done for more than two decades, on arbitrary arrests by the Palestinian Authority or Hamas, or the unlawful use of force by them, we are accused… of being part of an agenda of Israel and the United States to undermine them. Even in the last year, we have seen accusations from both Israelis and Palestinians” (Jacobsen, 2019c)]. Now people can point out if there are concerns about some of these secondary concerns. For February 17ththWhat are some updates on the Israeli side? And then basically we can logically deal with some other questions here.

Omar Shakir: Sure, I think the most
Significant news was the publication of Trump’s “Deal of the
Century ”and reactions to what this could mean in terms of human rights
Local situation affecting Israelis and Palestinians (White House staff,
2020; Heller & Lee, 2020; Daraghmeh & Akram, 2020).[1] This plan was unveiled late
January (White House staff, 2020). Of course, it has created a wide range of
Answers in the international community.[2] And of course within
Israel and Palestine linked to statements by the
The Palestinian Authority and the establishment of the Israeli elections
were among the more significant developments (Krauss & Daraghmeh, 2020).[3] Obviously, while these are
For political reasons, the impact on human rights is rather
significant (Jacobsen, 2020b).

Jacobsen: Has
the American context for relations with Israel basically since its inception
This particular human rights issue (ibid.) was central to human rights
Questions across the board, whether indirect or direct in other words?

Shakir: Sure, the Americans have played a large part in the negotiations between the Israelis and the Palestinians in the last quarter of a century. The United States has never been an honest broker.[4] She has always represented the Israeli side and has often ignored her human rights violations or underestimated its importance (Jacobsen, 2020b). Under this U.S. government, we have seen a shift in the U.S. because it has given the green light and in some cases has been involved in Israeli human rights violations locally (Lederer & Sanminiatelli, 2019). While this plan differs from U.S. positions on a number of issues, it shows what has happened to the peace process: a fig leaf for Israel’s discriminatory rule over Palestinians from the Jordan to the Mediterranean (White House staff member, 2020; Lederer & Sanminiatelli ), 2019). There are many possible ways to peace that secure a better future for Israelis and Palestinians, but none that are not rooted in the dignity and rights of those at the end of a peace agreement (Jacobsen, 2020b).

Jacobsen: When it was released on the 28thth No Palestinian representatives were present in January (Heller & Lee, 2020). The Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was present at a press conference with President Donald Trump (ibid.). Does this match the obvious message that is being sent?

Shakir: Of course, under the Trump administration, the United States government has taken a number of steps that are either intended or will result in Palestinian organized politics and institutions dealing with Palestinian issues being fully decimated, as well as the issues themselves it goes beyond the optics to have only one side (Lederer & Sanminiatelli, 2019). I think this plan adopts the status quo, a reality that can be characterized by institutional discrimination, systemic oppression of Palestinians, and serious human rights violations, and calls it its final solution (Human Rights Watch, 2019a; Human Rights Watch, 2019b)) . It strives for a lasting reality in a country where around 14 million people, about half of whom are Israelis or Palestinians, live in the region between the Jordan and the Mediterranean and where the Palestinians are treated unequally.[5] This would make this reality permanent and facilitate the Israeli annexation of the West Bank and essentially allow it to maintain full rule and control over the Palestinians and their abusive control system over them (The Associated Press, 2020a; Krauss & Daraghmeh, 2020). .

Jacobsen: How
Are American Allies Responding to the Release? Is it complacency or
explicit support in many cases?

Shakir: Of course there was a mix
Response in the international community (Daraghmeh &
Akram, 2020). On the one hand, I think
Many states want a political process in a context in which e.g.
a number of years in which there was little movement. I think there too
was a widespread rejection of the way this proposal undermines
international law (Lederer &
Sanminiatelli, 2019; Daraghmeh & Akram, 2020). Of course, every process should be open to
other and new ideas, but this proposal does nothing more than anchor one
abusive, discriminatory status quo. But I think you’ve seen some interesting ones
Developments. You have seen a rejection of the plan through significant blocks of
States, including the European Union (Emmott, 2020), the League of Arab States[6] (Fahmy, O., el-Din, M.S.,
& Laessing, 2020), the organization of Islamic conferences[7] (Kalin & Abdullah, 2020),
among other. You have also seen the European Union and some countries in Europe
Make it clear that any future resolution should be based on equality
all people[8] (United Nations, 1948; Jacobsen,
2020b), which is a simple idea, but not the type of
Language and framework used in this context. I think it is based
the fundamental reality that Israel can no longer apply the logic of the occupation
justify the mass suspension of Palestinian fundamental rights (Jacobsen, 2020b). There
Some states (Daraghmeh & Akram, 2020) have responded more positively
Initiative, but at the same time I think the general trend was an
Refusal to attempt to liquidate the core rights of the Palestinians (Human
Rights Watch, 2019a; Human Rights Watch, 2019b; Jacobsen, 2020b).

Jacobsen: How
the conversations have taken place over time since the 28thth[9]

in the Gaza Strip, in the West Bank?

Shakir: I think this plan is nothing new to many Palestinians. [Laughing] It is a reality that they have lived for more than half a century of ugly occupation characterized by deeply rooted discrimination and serious abuse of rights (Human Rights Watch, 2019a; Jacobsen, 2020b). Survey data show that over 90% of Palestinians reject the plan (The Associated Press, 2020b).[10] There have certainly been demonstrations and violent use by Israeli security forces against demonstrators (Daraghmeh & Akram, 2020; Goldenberg, 2020). There have also been more violent attacks by Palestinians against Israeli security forces and civilians (Akram, 2020; Krauss, 2020a; Krauss, 2020b; The Associated Press, 2020c). We have seen a number of different reactions (Lederer & Sanminiatelli, 2019; Krauss & Daraghmeh, 2020; Daraghmeh & Akram, 2020; Heller & Lee, 2020). I think the Palestinians understand this plan as what it is: an attempt to make the discriminatory status quo permanent (The Associated Press, 2020b).

Jacobsen: The United States recently published a list of companies, 112[11] [Ed. Countries with companies on the listing (number of companies in parentheses per country): France (3), Israel (94), Luxembourg (1), Netherlands (4), Thailand (1), United Kingdom (3), United States of America (6) (U.N. Human Rights Council, 2020).]that do business with Israeli settlements in the West Bank (Nebehay, 2020; Federman, 2020; Federman & Keaten, 2020). What does this mean for this similar discourse of violations of the law through the annexation of land? What are the special types of violations in this report?

Shakir: The long-awaited publication of the U.N. database for settlement companies should really draw companies’ attention: doing business with illegal settlements means helping to commit war crimes (U.N. Human Rights Council, 2020).[12] Companies have been hiding behind the idea for too long that these issues are too controversial or complex to excuse their direct contribution to violations. The underlying reality is that settlements are not just a violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention and a war crime (Geneva Diplomatic Conference, 1949; Amnesty International, 2019b).[13] They also bring about systematic violations of Palestinian rights. Settlements are being built on land that has been confiscated and stolen from Palestinians (Amnesty International, 2019b). To maintain the settlement enterprise, Israel has established a two-tier discrimination system[14] in the West Bank, which treats Palestinians separately and unequally (Human Rights Watch, 2010). Companies that do business in settlements not only further anchor the illegal settlement company, but also benefit from the theft of Palestinian land and contribute to the further expropriation of the Palestinians.[15] I think the publication of this database is an important step to ensure transparency about these activities, but also to protect human rights not only for the Palestinians, but also to set a precedent that improves standards in other contexts Economy and human rights can be used.

Jacobsen: It is
Is there a project with the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya (2020a)? Is
there a constitutional partnership between HRW and IDC Herzliya
Project called “Reconnect” (Cronin, 2020)?

Shakir: No, it does not exist. The RECONNECT project is a multidisciplinary research project
Rule of law in Europe (2020b). It includes several universities and
academic institutions. The international advisory board in which a person
The Rights Watch employee serves in her private capacity and is exclusively connected to
the RECONNECT project (IDC Herzliya, 2020c), in which none are involved
Dealing with the individual academic institutions and their individual
Programs, curricula, research, etc.

Jacobsen: Have
have there been any armed forces or military engagements in the past month?

Shakir: Of course there was in the
Consequences of the US plan. There were demonstrations. There were
Examples, certainly from Israel apparently in line with its practice
with excessive violence and police operations in East Jerusalem and along the
Fences between Gaza and the West Bank. These practices certainly have
Continuation. There have also been cases in which came from Gaza and the West
Bank of Palestinians who use violence that affects civilians. So they went on
in line with the previously documented practices.

Jacobsen: Thanks
You for the opportunity and your time, Omar.

Shakir: See you soon.

References

Akram, F. (2020, January 21). The Israeli army kills 3 Palestinians after an attack on the Gaza fence. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/dc0239c088f22d3f5a6639b171a3f181.

Amnesty International. (2019b, January). Chapter 3: Israeli Settlements and International Law. Retrieved from https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2019/01/chapter-3-israeli-settlements-and-international-law/.

Amnesty International. (2019a, October 31). Israel / OPT: Amnesty employees face a punishment ban for human rights work. Retrieved from https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/10/israel-opt-amnesty-staff-member-faces-punitive-travel-ban-for-human-rights-work/.

Amnesty International. (2020, March 25th). ISRAEL / OPT: End the cruel travel ban for Amnesty employees. Retrieved from https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/03/israel-opt-end-cruel-travel-ban-on-amnesty-staff-member/.

Cronin, D. (2020 January 27). Why did Human Rights Watch team up with Israeli warmongers? Retrieved from https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/david-cronin/why-has-human-rights-watch-teamed-israeli-warmongers.

Daraghmeh, M. & Akram, F. (2020, January 28). The Palestinians angrily reject Trump Mideast’s peace plan. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/0dcb0179faf41e1870f35838058f4d18.

Emmott, R. (2020 February 4). EU rejects Trump’s Middle East peace plan, annexation. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-palestinians-eu/eu-rejects-trump-middle-east-peace-plan-annexation-idUSKBN1ZY1I9.

Fahmy, O. el-Din, M.S. & Laessing, U. (2020, February 1). The Arab League rejects Trump’s Middle East plan: Communique. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-palestinians-arabs/arab-league-rejects-trumps-middle-east-plan-communique-idUSKBN1ZV3QV.

Federman, J. (2020 February 13). Pompeo “outraged” about the UN list of companies with settlement relations. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/c0ec6c0a8ebb1b68b4d233a894634b51.

Federman, J. & Keaten, J. (2020 February 12). The UN list is aimed at companies associated with Israeli settlements. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/5c4eb3c4dd04a1ea0880dd735ebb0544.

Goldenberg, T. (2020 February 6). Violence in the Middle East flares up as anger rises over Trump’s plan. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/c3ce0c94b262b60fe3fc0ce317450aa1.

Hass, A. (2010, May 16). Noam Chomsky refused to enter Israel and the West Bank. Retrieved from https://www.haaretz.com/1.5121279.

Heller, A. & Lee, M. (2020 January 28). Retrieved from https://apnews.com/f7d36b9023309ce4b1e423b02abf52c6.

Holland, S., Williams, D. & Mohammed, A. (2020, January 28). Trump jumps to the Middle East with a peace plan denounced by the Palestinians. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-palestinians-plan/trump-leaps-into-middle-east-fray-with-peace-plan-that-palestinians-denounce-idUSKBN1ZR1SR.

Human Rights Watch. (2019a). Born without civil rights: Israel’s use of draconian military orders to oppress Palestinians in the West Bank. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/palestine1219_web_0.p.

Human Rights Watch. (2019b). Israel and Palestine. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/israel/palestine.

Human Rights Watch. (2010, December 19). Separated and unequal: Israel’s discriminatory treatment of Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/report/2010/12/19/separate-and-unequal/israels-discriminatory-treatment-palestinians-occupied.

IDC Herzliya. (2020a). About IDC. Retrieved from https://www.idc.ac.il/en/pages/home.aspx.

IDC Herzliya. (2020c). International Advisory Board: Lotte Leicht. Retrieved from https://reconnect-europe.eu/project-info/iab/.

IDC Herzliya. (2020b). RECONNECT: Interdisciplinary Herzliya Center. Retrieved from https://reconnect-europe.eu/partners/idc/.

International Committee of the Red Cross (Geneva Diplomatic Conference of 1949). (1949, August 12). Convention (IV) on the Protection of Civilians in Time of War. Geneva, August 12, 1949. Retrieved from https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Treaty.xsp?documentId=AE2D398352C5B028C12563CD002D6B5C&action=openDocument.

Jacobsen, S.D. (March 20, 2020a). Ask HRW (Israel and Palestine) 4 – Uninhabitable: The Viability of Inhabitability of the Gaza Strip 2020. Retrieved from https://www.canadianatheist.com/2020/03/ask-hrw-israel-and-palestine-4-jacobsen/ .

Jacobsen, S.D. (March 20, 2020b). Ask the HRW (Israel and Palestine) addendum: History and contextualization of rights. Retrieved from https://www.canadianatheist.com/2020/03/ask-hrw-israel-and-palestine-addendum-jacobsen/.

Jacobsen, S.D. (2019c, May 25). Human Rights Watch (Israel and Palestine) on common rights and violations. Retrieved from https://www.newsintervention.com/human-rights-watch-israel-and-palestine-on-common-rights-and-law-violations/.

Kalin, S. & Abdullah, N. (2020, February 3). Organization of Islamic Cooperation Rejects Trump’s Peace Plan: Statement. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-palestinians-oic/organization-of-islamic-cooperation-rejects-trump-peace-plan-statement-idUSKBN1ZX1BH.

Krauss, J. (2020b, February 7). Palestinians deny US instigation charges, accuse Trump of plan. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/b6504c5c673c656b233657655b6fe8c1.

Krauss, J. (2020a, January 31). Palestinians protest Trump’s plan, Gaza militants launch rockets. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/8b1e187b73181b12f29f5709a95b8f9b.

Krauss, J. (2019 November 24). Rights researchers deported from Israel vow to continue work. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/0affecdba13e41afbdeb9be9825f97b5.

Krauss, J. & Daraghmeh, M. (2020, February 6). Anger over the Trump plan could mobilize Arab voters in Israel. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/37982cbe5f3596249c70b907ec87aee2.

Lederer, E. M. & Sanminiatelli, M. (2019, September 26). Abbas condemns the United States for depriving the peace process of credibility. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/c865a01d924542caa0aac0607ba8a63c.

Nebehay, S. (2020, February 12). The United States report lists 112 companies that do business with Israeli settlements. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-palestinians-un-companies/u-n-report-names-112-companies-doing-business-with-israeli-settlements-idUSKBN206234.

Romo, V. (2019 August 15). MPs Omar and Tlaib are not allowed to visit Israel after Trump supported a ban. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/2019/08/15/751430877/reps-omar-and-tlaib-barred-from-visiting-israel-after-trump-insists-on-ban/.

Silverstein, R. (2008 May 27). Excluded from home. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2008/may/27/shutoutofthehomeland.

The Associated Press. (2020b, February 12). 94% of Palestinians reject Trump’s plan; Support for armed struggle is on the rise, poll says. Retrieved from https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/poll-94-of-palestinians-reject-trump-s-plan-support-for-armed-struggle-on-rise-1.8527500.

The Associated Press. (2020c, January 16). Israel hits Hamas target in Gaza when balloon attacks resume. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/ebebb6d4bdf31c9f7a004a86326ff4a1.

The Associated Press. (2020a, January 28th). Netanyahu asked the cabinet on Sunday to approve the plan to annex parts of the West Bank. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/c253924f9bd9c5e0d385cb5f8bed5305.

United States Human Rights Council. (2020 February 12). Database of all business entities involved in the activities listed in paragraph 96 of the Independent International Information Mission to investigate the impact of Israeli settlements on the civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights of the Palestinian people throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem . A / HRC / 43/71.

U.N. News. (2020, February 14). Database of companies related to Israeli settlements “important first step” to accountability: legal experts. Retrieved from https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/02/1057451.

United Nations. (1948, December 10th). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/.

White House staff. (2020, January). Peace to Prosperity: A Vision to Improve the Life of the Palestinian and Israeli People. Retrieved from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/Peace_to_Prosperity.pdf.

Zeyad, L.A. (2019 December 16). Facebook Twitter Why is Israel preventing me from accompanying my mother to chemotherapy? Retrieved from https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/12/why-is-israel-preventing-me-from-accompanying-my-mother-to-chemotherapy/.

– –

Footnotes

[1] Regarding attendance at an announcement or unveiling of the Deal of the Century, the Middle East Plan, the Trump Peace Plan or the publication of the publication entitled “Peace to Prosperity: A Vision to Improve the Life of the Palestinians” and the Israeli People, ”reported the Associated Press::

“It will work,” said Trump
He presented the plan at a ceremony in the White House with Israeli officials
and allies, including evangelical Christian leaders and wealthy Republicans
Donor. Representatives from the Arab countries of Bahrain, Oman and the United States
Arab Emirates were present
there were none
Palestinian Representative [emphasis added].

See
Heller & Lee (2020).

[2] The Associated
Press
specified:

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said “a thousand no” to that
Middle East peace plan announced on Tuesday by President Donald Trump …

… “We are certain that our Palestinian people will not allow these conspiracies
consist. So all options are open. The (Israeli) occupation and the United States
The administration will be responsible for what it has done, ”said Hamas
Official Khalil al-Hayya said when he took part in one of several protests
that broke out over the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip …

… EU foreign policy leader Josep Borrell said Trump’s initiative “provides
an opportunity to start the much-needed effort towards a negotiated and fresh start
viable solution “for the conflict…

…U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres told the United Nations
supports two states that live in peace and security within recognized borders
the basis of the borders before 1967, according to his spokesman …

… Saudi Arabia said it appreciated the efforts of the Trump administration and
encouraged the resumption of direct talks between Israel and the Palestinians
“Under the auspices of the United States …”

… Meanwhile, Jordan warned of an Israeli “annexation of
Palestinian Countries ”and reaffirmed its commitment to the creation of a
Palestinian state modeled on 1967 that would span the entire West Bank
and East Jerusalem annexed by Israel …

Egypt asked Israelis and Palestinians to “study the plan carefully” and
said it appreciated the administration’s efforts.

See Daraghmeh &
Akram (2020).

[3] The Associated
Press stated:

The Palestinian Authority in the West Bank also has
relentlessly rejected the plan [emphasis added]what Israel would allow
annex all of its settlements and large parts of the West Bank, leave the
Palestinians with limited autonomy in an archipelago surrounded by enclaves
Israel.

See Krauss
& Daraghmeh (2020).

[4] The Associated Press specified:

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
went on the world stage on Thursday to beat up the United States for “deprivation”
the peace process of any credibility ”and undermine the prospects for a two-state state
Resolving the decades-old Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

In a speech to the General of the United States
In the assembly, Abbas also criticized the United States for recognizing Jerusalem as Israel
Capital, for the statement that Israeli settlements are in the Palestinian Territories
legitimate and for the cut in aid to the Palestinians.

US politics, he said, is pressing
large sections of the Palestinian people lose hope for the possibility of
long-awaited peace ”and renewed his call for an international peace conference.

See Lederer
& Sanminiatelli (2019).

[5] That is different
from the United Nations position to the Secretary General of the United States
explicitly only in early 2020. The Associated
Press
specified:

Secretary General of the United States, Antonio
Guterres said the United Nations is supporting two states that live in peace and
Security within recognized borders based on the borders prior to 1967,
according to his spokesman.

“The position of the United Nations
The two-state solution has been defined over the years by relevant ones
Resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly, through which the Secretariat is responsible
bound, ”said the spokesman Stephane Dujarric.

See Daraghmeh & Akram (2020).

[6] Reuters specified:

The Arab League rejected the United States.
President Donald Trump’s peace plan for the Middle East [emphasis added] at a
Foreign ministers meeting in Cairo on Saturday that would not lead to this
a just peace treaty.

The Arab League will not cooperate
with the United States to implement the plan, said a communique. Israel should
not to implement the initiative by force, it said.

See Fahmy, el-Din & Laessing (2020).

[7] Reuters specified:

The Organization for Islamic Cooperation said on Monday that it opposed US President Donald Trump’s Middle East peace plan [emphasis added].

The 57-member organization, which held a summit to discuss the plan in Jeddah, urged all member states not to consider the plan or to work with the US government to implement it in any way.

See
Kalin & Abdullah (2020).

[8] The United Nations has determined:

… recognition of inherent dignity and of the same and
inalienable rights of all members of the human family are the foundation of
Freedom, justice and peace in the world …

… THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION BY HUMAN
RIGHTS as a common standard of performance for all peoples and all nations …

… All people are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
They are equipped with reason and conscience and should act against each other
in the spirit of fraternity …

… Everyone is entitled to all rights and freedoms that are in
this statement, without distinction of any kind, such as race, skin color, gender, language,
Religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property,
Birth or other status. No further distinction is made on the basis
the political, judicial or international status of the country or
Territory to which a person belongs, be it independent, trust,
not self-governing or under another restriction of sovereignty …

… Everyone is equal before the law and without justification
Discrimination for the same protection of the law. All are equal
Protection against discrimination in violation of this declaration and
against any incitement to such discrimination.

See
United Nations (1948).

[9] The “deal of the century” or the “peace too
Prosperity: A Vision to Improve the Life of the Palestinian and Israeli People, ”which was released on that day. See Holland, Williams,
& Mohammed (2020).

[10] The Associated Press (in the Haaretz) specified:

94 percent of the Palestinians reject President Donald
Trump’s Middle East initiative, according to a poll released on Tuesday, said
found tumultuous support for a two-state solution with Israel and almost
two thirds support the armed struggle [emphasis added].

The Palestinian Center for Policy and Poll Research has been released
Poll when thousands of Palestinians gathered in the West Bank and Gaza to refuse
the Trump plan and explicit support for President Mahmoud Abbas in his efforts
Support in winning UN Security Council for a solution
on the other hand.

Die Umfrage, die erste der palästinensischen öffentlichen Meinung, wurde veröffentlicht
schon seit Trumps Plan wurde angekündigt, Hinterschneidungen
die Behauptungen der Verwaltung, dass der Widerspruch gegen den Plan weitgehend auf beschränkt ist
die palästinensische Führung und äußert Bedenken, dass die Umsetzung der
Ein Vorschlag, der Israel stark begünstigt, könnte eine neue Runde der Gewalt auslösen.

Trumps Nahostplan, der am 28. Januar im Weißen Haus angekündigt wurde, steht auf der Seite von
Israel zu praktisch allen umstrittensten Themen der Jahrzehnte alten
Konflikt…

… Die palästinensische Führung, die die Beziehungen zu den Vereinigten Staaten abbrach
nachdem Trump das umstrittene Jerusalem 2017 als Israels Hauptstadt anerkannt hat,
lehnte den Plan unerbittlich ab.

Die Meinungsumfrage ergab, dass eine überwältigende Mehrheit der Palästinenser
im Westjordanland und im Gazastreifen sind ebenfalls dagegen.

“ICH
Ich glaube nicht, dass wir jemals einen solchen Konsens unter den Palästinensern gesehen haben
Öffentlichkeit “, sagte Khalil Shikaki, der Leiter des Wahllokals…

… „Alle Palästinenser und alle Fraktionen, national
und Islamist stehen hinter Präsident Mahmoud Abbas “, sagte Premierminister
Mohammed Shtayyeh erzählte der Menge in Ramallah. “Alle Straßen sind voll”, sagte er
said. “Dies ist die palästinensische Antwort.”

Siehe Die
Associated Press (2020b).

[11] U.N. News angegeben:

Eine Datenbank mit 112 Unternehmen, die mit israelischen Siedlungen in der USA verbunden sind
Das besetzte palästinensische Gebiet wurde von einem unabhängigen Menschenrechtsexperten begrüßt
als „ein wichtiger erster Schritt zur Rechenschaftspflicht und zum Ende
Straflosigkeit”.

Vierundneunzig der Unternehmen sind
mit Sitz in Israel und der Rest in sechs anderen Ländern.

„Während der Veröffentlichung der Datenbank
wird an sich die illegalen Siedlungen und ihre Ernsthaftigkeit nicht beenden
Auswirkungen auf die Menschenrechte signalisiert es, dass ein anhaltender Trotz durch eine
Besatzungsmacht wird nicht unbeantwortet bleiben “, berichtet Sonderberichterstatter Michael Lynk said on
Freitag…

… “Ohne diese Investitionen,
Weingüter, Fabriken, Liefer- und Kaufverträge von Unternehmen, Bankwesen
Operationen und Unterstützungsdienste würden viele der Siedlungen nicht sein
finanziell und operativ nachhaltig. Und ohne die Siedlungen die
Eine fünf Jahrzehnte lange israelische Besatzung würde ihre koloniale Existenzberechtigung verlieren “, sagte er
angegeben.

Der Rechtsexperte forderte das UN-Mitglied auf
Staaten sollen Gesetze umsetzen, die den Import von illegal hergestellten Waren verbieten
Siedlungen in jedem besetzten Gebiet.

„Die internationale Gemeinschaft hat
verurteilte zu Recht den illegalen Status und die schädlichen Auswirkungen der Israelis
Siedlungen “, sagte der Sonderberichterstatter. „Aber durch Handel und
Handel mit den Siedlungen, die internationale Gemeinschaft erhält ihre
Lebensfähigkeit und unterbietet seine eigenen Aussagen “.

Sonderberichterstatter werden ernannt
vom in Genf ansässigen Menschenrechtsrat der Vereinten Nationen zur Prüfung und Berichterstattung über a
spezifisches Menschenrechtsthema oder eine Ländersituation. Die Positionen sind ehrenamtlich
und die Experten sind weder UN-Mitarbeiter noch werden sie für ihre Arbeit bezahlt.

Siehe U.N. News (2020).

Der Menschenrechtsrat der Vereinigten Staaten listet die Unternehmen in dieser Fußnote unter dem Rest dieses Kontextualisierungstextes auf. The report stated, “OHCHR found that 112 of the 188 business enterprises considered for inclusion in the database met the required standard of reasonable grounds to believe that they were involved in one or more of the listed activities (see table below). The remaining 76 business enterprises did not meet the standard of proof and were not included in the database.” The classifications for the “Category of listed activity” in the table of the 112 businesses references II. Mandate 6. (a) through (j), as follows:

(a) The
supply of equipment and materials facilitating the construction and the
expansion of settlements and the wall, and associated infrastructure;

(b) The
supply of surveillance and identification equipment for settlements, the wall
and checkpoints directly linked with settlements;

(c)  The
supply of equipment for the demolition of housing and property, the destruction
of agricultural farms, greenhouses, olive groves and crops;

(d) The
supply of security services, equipment and materials to enterprises operating
in settlements;

(e)  The
provision of services and utilities supporting the maintenance and existence of
settlements, including transport;

(f)  Banking
and financial operations helping to develop, expand or maintain settlements and
their activities, including loans for housing and the development of
businesses;

(g) The
use of natural resources, in particular water and land, for business purposes;

(h) Pollution,
and the dumping of waste in or its transfer to Palestinian villages;

(i)  Captivity
of the Palestinian financial and economic markets, as well as practices that
disadvantage Palestinian enterprises, including through restrictions on
movement, administrative and legal constraints;

(j) The
use of benefits and reinvestments of enterprises owned totally or partially by
settlers for developing, expanding and maintaining the settlements.

OHCHR noted, “With respect to three listed activities (see para. 6 (c), (i) and (j) above), OHCHR did not find any business enterprise satisfying the standard of reasonable grounds to believe involvement consistent with the definitions set out above.” Please find the complete 112 out of the 188 companies who formally met the requirements for inclusion as follows:

Business enterprises involved in listed activities
No. Business Enterprise Category of
listed activity
State concerned

1

Afikim
  Public Transportation Ltd.

E

Israel

2nd

Airbnb
  Inc.

E

United States

3rd

American
  Israeli Gas Corporation Ltd.

E, G

Israel

4th

Amir
  Marketing and Investments in Agriculture Ltd.

G

Israel

5

Amos Hadar
  Properties and Investments Ltd.

G

Israel

6

Angel Bakeries

E, G

Israel

7

Archivists
  GmbH.

G

Israel

8th

Ariel
  Properties Group

E

Israel

9

Ashtrom
  Industries Ltd.

G

Israel

10th

Ashtrom
  Properties Ltd.

G

Israel

11

Avgol
  Industries 1953 Ltd.

G

Israel

12th

Bank
  Hapoalim B.M.

E, F

Israel

13

Bank Leumi
  Le-Israel B.M.

E, F

Israel

14

Bank of
  Jerusalem Ltd.

E, F

Israel

15

Beit
  Haarchiv Ltd.

G

Israel

16

Bezeq, the
  Israel Telecommunication
  Corp Ltd.

E, G

Israel

17th

Booking.com
  B.V.

E

Netherlands

18th

C Mer
  Industries Ltd.

B.

Israel

19th

Café Café
  Israel Ltd.

E, G

Israel

20th

Caliber 3

D, G

Israel

21

Cellcom
  Israel Ltd.

E, G

Israel

22

Cherriessa
  GmbH.

G

Israel

23

Chish
  Nofei Israel Ltd.

G

Israel

24th

Citadis
  Israel Ltd.

E, G

Israel

25th

Comasco
  GmbH.

ON

Israel

26

Darban
  Investments Ltd.

G

Israel

27

Delek
  Group Ltd.

E, G

Israel

28

Delta
Israel

G

Israel

29

Dor Alon
  Energy in Israel 1988 Ltd.

E, G

Israel

30th

Egis Rail

E

France

31

Egged,
  Israel Transportation Cooperative Society Ltd.

E

Israel

32

Energix
  Renewable Energies Ltd.

G

Israel

33

EPR Systems
  GmbH.

E, G

Israel

34

Extal Ltd.

G

Israel

35

Expedia
  Group Inc.

E

United States

36

Field
  Produce Ltd.

G

Israel

37

Field
  Produce Marketing Ltd.

G

Israel

38

First
  International Bank of Israel Ltd.

E, F

Israel

39

Galshan
  Shvakim Ltd.

E, D

Israel

40

Allgemeines
  Mills Israel Ltd.

G

Israel

41

Hadiklaim
  Israel Date Growers Cooperative Ltd.

G

Israel

42

Hot Mobile
  GmbH.

E

Israel

43

Hot
  Telecommunications Systems Ltd.

E

Israel

44

Industrial
  Buildings Corporation Ltd.

G

Israel

45

Israel
  Discount Bank Ltd.

E, F

Israel

46

Israel
  Railways Corporation Ltd.

G, H

Israel

47

Italek
  GmbH.

E, G

Israel

48

JC Bamford
  Excavators Ltd.

ON

United Kingdom

49

Jerusalem
  Economy Ltd.

G

Israel

50

Kavim
  Public Transportation Ltd.

E

Israel

51

Lipski
  Installation and Sanitation Ltd.

G

Israel

52

Matrix IT
  GmbH.

E, G

Israel

53

Mayer
  Davidov Garages Ltd.

E, G

Israel

54

Mekorot
  Water Company Ltd.

G

Israel

55

Mercantile
  Discount Bank Ltd.

E, F

Israel

56

Merkavim
  Transportation Technologies Ltd.

E

Israel

57

Mizrahi
  Tefahot Bank Ltd.

E, F

Israel

58

Modi’in
  Ezrachi Group Ltd.

E, D

Israel

59

Mordechai
  Aviv Taasiot Beniyah 1973 Ltd.

G

Israel

60

Motorola
  Solutions Israel Ltd.

B.

Israel

61

Municipal
  Bank Ltd.

F.

Israel

62

Naaman Group Ltd.

E, G

Israel

63

Nof Yam
  Security Ltd.

E, D

Israel

64

Ofertex
  Industries 1997 Ltd.

G

Israel

65

Opodo Ltd.

E

United Kingdom

66

Bank Otsar
  Ha-Hayal Ltd.

E, F

Israel

67

Partner
  Communications Company Ltd.

E, G

Israel

68

Paz Oil
  Company Ltd.

E, G

Israel

69

Pelegas
  GmbH.

G

Israel

70

Pelephone
  Communications Ltd.

E, G

Israel

71

Proffimat
  S.R. GmbH.

G

Israel

72

Rami Levy
  Chain Stores Hashikma Marketing 2006 Ltd.

E, G

Israel

73

Rami Levy
  Hashikma Marketing Communication Ltd.

E, G

Israel

74

Re/Max
Israel

E

Israel

75

Shalgal
  Food Ltd.

G

Israel

76

Shapir
  Engineering and Industry Ltd.

E, G

Israel

77

Shufersal
  GmbH.

E, G

Israel

78

Sonol Israel
  GmbH.

E, G

Israel

79

Superbus
  GmbH.

E

Israel

80

Supergum
  Industries 1969 Ltd.

G

Israel

81

Tahal
  Group International B.V.

E

Netherlands

82

TripAdvisor
  Inc.

E

United States

83

Twitoplast
  GmbH.

G

Israel

84

Unikowsky
  Maoz Ltd.

G

Israel

85

YES

E

Israel

86

Zakai
  Agricultural Know-how and inputs Ltd.

G

Israel

87

ZF
  Development and Construction

G

Israel

88

ZMH
  Hammermand Ltd.

G

Israel

89

Zorganika
  GmbH.

G

Israel

90

Zriha
  Hlavin Industries Ltd.

G

Israel

Business enterprises involved as parent companies
No. business
Companies
Category of listed activity State concerned

91

Alon Blue
  Square Israel Ltd.

E, G

Israel

92

Alstom
  S.A.

E, G

France

93

Altice
  Europe N.V.

E

Netherlands

94

Amnon
  Mesilot Ltd.

E

Israel

95

Ashtrom
  Group Ltd.

G

Israel

96

Buchung
  Holdings Inc.

E

United States

97

Marke
  Industries Ltd.

G

Israel

98

Delta
  Galil Industries Ltd.

G

Israel

99

eDreams
  ODIGEO S.A.

E

Luxemburg

100

Egis S.A.

E

France

101

Electra
  GmbH.

E

Israel

102

Export Investment
  Company Ltd.

E, F

Israel

103

Allgemeines
  Mills Inc.

G

United States

104

Hadar
  Gruppe

G

Israel

105

Hamat
  Group Ltd.

G

Israel

106

Indorama
  Ventures P.C.L.

G

Thailand

107

Kardan
  N.V.

E

Netherlands

108

Mayer’s
  Cars and Trucks Co. Ltd.

E

Israel

109

Motorola
  Solutions Inc.

B.

United States

110

Natoon
  Gruppe

E, D

Israel

111

Villar
  International Ltd.

G

Israel

Business enterprises involved as licensors or franchisors
No. business
Companies
Kategorie
  of listed activity
Zustand
  concerned

112

Greenkote P.L.C.

G

United Kingdom

See U.N. Human Rights Council (2020).

[12] By the statements from Shakir’s expert evaluation, and the personal analyses above, France, Israel, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America are actively engaged in aiding “in the commission of war crimes” based on “business with illegal settlements” to the tune of 3 companies, 94 companies, 1 company, 4 companies, 1 company, 3 companies, and 6 companies, respectively.

[13] Amnesty International states:

Israel’s policy of settling its civilians in occupied Palestinian
territory and displacing the local population contravenes fundamental
rules of international humanitarian law.

Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention states:
“The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own
civilian population into the territory it occupies.” It also prohibits the
“individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of
protected persons from occupied territory”.

The extensive appropriation of land and the
appropriation and destruction of property required to build and expand
settlements also breach other rules of international humanitarian law. Under
the Hague Regulations of 1907, the public property of the occupied
population (such as lands, forests and agricultural estates) is subject to
the laws of usufruct. This means that an occupying state is only allowed a
very limited use of this property. This limitation is derived from the notion
that occupation is temporary, the core idea of the law of occupation. in the
the words of the International Committee of the Red Cross, the occupying
power “has a duty to ensure the protection, security, and welfare of the
people living under occupation and to guarantee that they can live as normal a
life as possible, in accordance with their own laws, culture, and
traditions.”

The Hague Regulations prohibit the confiscation of
private property. The Fourth Geneva Convention prohibits the destruction
of private or state property, “except where such destruction is
rendered absolutely necessary by military operations”…

… The settlements have been condemned as illegal in many UN Security
Council and other UN resolutions. As early as 1980, UN Security Council
Resolution 465 called on Israel “to dismantle the existing settlements
and, in particular, to cease, on an urgent basis, the establishment,
construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied
since 1967, including Jerusalem.” The International Committee of the Red
Cross and the Conference of High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva
Convention have reaffirmed that settlements violate international humanitarian
law. The illegality of the settlements was recently reaffirmed by UN
Security Council Resolution 2334, passed in December 2016, which reiterates the
Security Council’s call on Israel to cease all settlement activities in
the OPT. The serious human rights violations that stem from Israeli settlements
have also been repeatedly raised and condemned by international bodies and
experts.

See
Amnesty International (2019).

[14] Human Rights Watch reported:

This report consists of a series of case studies
that compare Israel’s different treatment of Jewish settlements to nearby
Palestinian communities throughout the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. It
describes the two-tier system of laws, rules, and services that Israel operates
for the two populations in areas in the West Bank under its exclusive control,
which provide preferential services, development, and benefits for Jewish
settlers while imposing harsh conditions on Palestinians…

…It is widely acknowledged that Israel’s settlements in the
West Bank, including East Jerusalem, violate international humanitarian law,
which prohibits the occupying power from transferring its civilian population
into the territories it occupies; Israel appears to be the only country to
contest that its settlements are illegal…

…Since 1967, when it seized the West Bank from Jordan during
hostilities—and under a variety of governments, since the right-wing Likud
party first came to power in 1977—Israel has expropriated land from
Palestinians for Jewish-Israeli settlements and their supporting
infrastructure, denied Palestinians building permits and demolished “illegal”
Palestinian construction (i.e., Palestinian construction that the Israeli
government chose not to authorize), prevented Palestinian villages from
upgrading or building homes, schools, health clinics, wells, and water
cisterns, blocked Palestinians from accessing roads and agricultural lands,
failed to provide electricity, sewage, water, and other utilities to
Palestinian communities, and rejected their applications for such services.

See Human Rights Watch. (2010).

[15] Human Rights Watch stated:

Israeli and multinational corporations and their subsidiaries profit
from settlements in a variety of ways, including by receiving, producing,
exporting, or marketing settlement agricultural and industrial goods, and by
financing or constructing settlement buildings and infrastructure. Companies
have directly contributed to discriminatory rights violations against
Palestinians, for example through business activities based on lands that were
unlawfully confiscated from Palestinians without compensation for the benefit
of settlers, or activities that consume natural resources like water or rock
quarries to which Israeli policies provide settlement industries preferential
access, while denying equitable access to Palestinians. These businesses also
benefit from Israeli governmental subsidies, tax abatements, and discriminatory
access to infrastructure, permits, and export channels; Palestinian businesses
deprived of equitable access to these government-provided benefits are
sometimes as a result unable to compete against settlement-based companies in
Palestinian, Israeli, or foreign markets.

See Ibid.

Previous Sessions (Chronological Order)

Interview with Omar Shakir – Israel and Palestine Director, Human Rights Watch (Middle East and North Africa Division)

HRW Israel and Palestine (MENA) Director on Systematic Methodology and Universal Vision

Human Rights Watch (Israel and Palestine) on Common Rights and Law Violations

Ask HRW (Israel and Palestine) 1 – Recent Events

Ask HRW (Israel and Palestine) 2 – Demolitions

Ask HRW (Israel and Palestine) 3 – November-December: Deportation from Tel Aviv, Israel for Human Rights Watch Israel and Palestine Director

Ask HRW (Israel and Palestine) 4 – Uninhabitable: The Viability of Gaza Strip’s 2020 Unlivability

Addenda

Ask HRW (Israel and Palestine) Addendum: Some History and Contextualization of Rights

– –

Scott Douglas Jacobsen is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. He authored/co-authored some e-books, free or low-cost. If you want to contact Scott: [email protected]

– –

Canadian Atheist Associates: Godless Mom, Nice Mangoes, Sandwalk, Brainstorm Podcast, Left at the Valley, Life, the Universe & Everything Else, The Reality Check, Bad Science Watch, British Columbia Humanist Association, Dying With Dignity Canada, Canadian Secular Alliance, Centre for Inquiry Canada, Kelowna Atheists, Skeptics, and Humanists Association.

– –

Other National/Local Resources: Association humaniste du Québec, Atheist Freethinkers, Central Ontario Humanist Association, Comox Valley Humanists, Grey Bruce Humanists, Halton-Peel Humanist Community, Hamilton Humanists, Humanist Association of London, Humanist Association of Ottawa, Humanist Association of Toronto, Humanists, Atheists and Agnostics of Manitoba, Ontario Humanist Society, Secular Connextions Seculaire, Secular Humanists in Calgary, Society of Free Thinkers (Kitchener-Waterloo/Cambridge/Guelph), Thunder Bay Humanists, Toronto Oasis, Victoria Secular Humanist Association.

– –

Other International/Outside Canada Resources: Allianz vun Humanisten, Atheisten an Agnostiker, American Atheists, American Humanist Association, Associação Brasileira de Ateus e AgnósticoséééBrazilian Association of Atheists and Agnostics, Atheist Alliance International, Atheist Alliance of America, Atheist Centre, Atheist Foundation of Australia, The Brights Movement, Center for Inquiry (including Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science), Atheist Ireland, Camp Quest, Inc., Council for Secular Humanism, De Vrije Gedachte, European Humanist Federation, Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations, Foundation Beyond Belief, Freedom From Religion Foundation, Humanist Association of Ireland, Humanist International, Humanist Association of Germany, Humanist Association of Ireland, Humanist Society of Scotland, Humanists UK, Humanisterna/Humanists Sweden, Internet Infidels, International League of Non-Religious and Atheists, James Randi Educational Foundation, League of Militant Atheists, Military Association of Atheists and Freethinkers, National Secular Society, Rationalist International, Recovering From Religion, Religion News Service, Secular Coalition for America, Secular Student Alliance, The Clergy Project, The Rational Response Squad, The Satanic Temple, The Sunday Assembly, United Coalition of Reason, Union of Rationalist Atheists and Agnostics.

– –

Image Credit: Omar Shakir/Human Rights Watch.

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