Although libraries will still be relevant in 2020, to some extent they have been lost to antiquity due to the advent of the Internet. Time flies, doesn’t it? It seems that only yesterday, libraries were an integral part of the scholar’s life.
Don’t you remember the days before the birth of the internet when traveling to a library was a requirement to research a particular topic? In addition, you had to be familiar with the Dewey decimal system in order to navigate effectively in the library.
The Dewey decimal system has now been replaced by another numerical system known as DNS (Domain Name System). In fact, DNS and name servers have not only replaced Dewey’s system, but also improved it.
Why do you ask? Thanks to DNS, we don’t have to remember an IP address (which would in any way serve as one of the numbers in the Dewey decimal system) to find a specific website online. Name servers and DNS relieve us of searching and / or storing the IP address of a domain name in order to be able to access the former.
The almost instantaneous process that DNS uses to link a particular website to its IP address is a miracle. In this blog post we will examine the complicated domain name system and the important role of the name servers mentioned above.
What are name servers?
In the simplest sense, a name server is a server. In particular, name servers are servers that are interwoven with the Word Wide Web and store DNS entries. Every single domain name is linked to name servers. Name servers are often viewed as phone books that contain the numbers (AKA IP addresses) associated with domain names. Also known as DNS servers, name servers respond to requests from computers related to the domain locations.
An alternative name server definition from a previous Hostwinds blog post: “An intrinsic component of DNS is a name server that stores these files and acts as the genius of the DNS encyclopedia, so to speak. Zone files contain the domain and name servers with the ability to figure out how a user types in the search bar. “
Name servers host zone files the same way that servers host websites, and zone files store the DNS records.
More information about name servers: “Name servers communicate precisely with other name servers and implement various screening and sorting methods to direct users to their desired destinations in seconds.”
READ: DNS & DNS Management Blog Post
In general, two domain servers are assigned to your domain, one of which acts as a backup name server if something happens to the primary name server. Your backup or secondary name server is an exact replica of your primary name server.
Example for name servers:
How are name servers relevant for hosting?
Name servers connect your domain to your hosting provider. They tell the Internet that a specific website is hosted by a specific provider.
As you may have guessed, it’s much more complicated. Do you know the Domain Name System (DNS) first?
What is DNS?
Wait a minute, we’ve already covered this. The following DNS definition was extracted from the blog post on DNS and DNS management that we referred to above:
“DNS is a huge virtual database full of web domains and the critical information associated with each domain. Such information is contained in files called zone files. “
What are DNS records?
DNS records define the path that Internet traffic takes to find the specific domain name associated with a specific IP address.
More information about DNS entries in our DNS blog post: “DNS entries like the entry ‘A’ (address), the entry ‘CNAME’ (Canonical Name) and the entry ‘TTL’ (Time to Live), to name just a few, are also integral parts of this DNS puzzle, as they explicitly command the server to direct the user to his requested URL. The A entry assigns the domain directly to the IP address of the server on which the website of this domain is located. The CNAME entry leads domain aliases (such as the alias from www.google.com, google.com) to the correct IP address. The TTL record documents and stores the time that the DNS query takes for processing. “
While we are dealing with the subject of data records, the NS data record or “Name Server” data record refers a domain to its respective name server. To connect your domain name to your domain name registrar, ask the registrar for their name servers and update your NS entry accordingly.
Let’s break down this whole name server situation with an example:
For example, let’s say you’ve just heard about Hostwind’s fantastic range of hosting services and are going on a hectic internet search to find us 😃! >> Google.com helps you find the Hostwinds website. www.Hostwinds.com. >> If you click on the link to which you will be redirected www.Hostwinds.comThe browser searches and communicates with name servers via DNS. Which name servers are you asking? The associated name servers www.Hostwinds.com. >> The name servers speak to the browser and tell it which IP address is resolved into the domain www.Hostwinds.com via the A record. >> The website data is located in this IP address www.Hostwinds.com can be found. This data is transferred from the IP address to the browser. >> Through a technological miracle, this data is captured by the browser and displayed to the person who is viewing your website.
How can I access Hostwinds name servers?
You can check the name servers of your domain in your customer area. The following link will take you to a Hostwinds Knowledge Base manual with step-by-step instructions for viewing your name servers for shared, business, VPS or dedicated hosting.
CONNECTED: Which name server should I use for my domain? Conduct
Learn more about name servers
Did you know that there are different types of name servers and even different levels of name servers?
What are custom name servers?
Custom name servers are name servers that are configured and managed by the website owner. This can be helpful if you have a reseller hosting plan, for example, because the hosting services you sell cannot be traced back to your hosting provider.
What are Vanity name servers?
Vanity name servers are very similar to custom name servers in that they have both name servers that your host did not assign to you by default. The only difference between the two is that Vanity name servers have the hosting provider’s IP addresses, while custom name servers have their own unique IP addresses.
What are authoritative name servers?
Authoritative name servers are superordinate name servers that respond to queries that relate exclusively to the names of domains.
From our manual “How do I find my name server?”: “Your DNS zone file is stored on the authoritative name server for your domain.”
CONTINUE READING: How do I find my name server? Conduct
What is a caching name server?
As the name suggests, a caching name server is a name server that is responsible for caching outdated DNS queries that have been stored for a period of time. Caching name servers is important because they ensure that DNS is not overloaded with traffic and information and that requests are processed faster overall.
It’s time to summarize this blog piece, but first a few words from our team.
Finally, some name server advice from the Hostwinds team
Here’s what happens when you change your name servers: It takes a little while for your domain name to point to your new name server. With that in mind, Hostwinds Support Team Agent Gregory has some valuable information about changing name servers:
“If you change your name servers, changes for one of the DNS resolvers like the one on WhatsMyDNS.net will generally appear within an hour. However, your name server may not be fully transferred to all of these DNS resolvers for 24 hours. ”
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Kyle, our knowledgeable support team representative, has some advice for Hostwinds customers:
“If for some reason your website does not appear, first check that your name servers are set up. In 80 percent of the cases where customers say,” Hey, my website is not being distributed, “the name servers are usually not set or incorrect written, especially for shared and business hosting. “
CONNECTED: DNS server, roles and functions
CONNECTED: Custom name servers Conduct
We hope you enjoyed this blog post on name servers, and we wish you a nice day!
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