The 2019 Fairness for High Skilled Immigrants Act, which was introduced in both the House of Representatives and the Senate in early 2019 (H.R. 1044 and p. 386), aims to remove the Green Card backlog for Indians and Chinese. In July, the bill passed the house.
The fairness bill would lift the country-specific ceiling for employment-related immigrants and increase the country-specific limit for family-related immigrants. Finally, it included a provision that would not adversely affect anyone who had an approved application for immigration on work (Form I-140) at the time the bill came into force.
Senator Charles Grassley (R-Ia.) Made changes to p. 386 that would have affected H-1B petitions. The Include changes an Internet posting request, a Life Cycle Assessment fee and the cancellation of the B-1 visa instead of the H-1B visa status. Although the fairness law was supported by two parties, it was controversial. The opponents argued that the bill had played off immigrants against each other – they helped Indian nationals to the detriment of foreign nationals from other countries in a seemingly zero-sum game. Senator Rand Paul (R-Ky.) Blocked the bill because it did not include a "spin-off" for nurses. He introduced the BELIEVE Act, which would have provided more visas annually.
In mid-October, the fairness bill was again blocked by Senator Dick Durbin (D-Ill.). Senators Durbin and Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) Introduction of the law to solve the problem of extended limbo for workers and families with a migrant background (RELIEF)This, like Senator Paul's suggestion, is seen as a "win-win" solution. The premise is simple: with more than four million immigrants on the green card waiting list, the number of available visas needs to increase. Under the RELIEF Law, the arrears would be eliminated over a period of five years from the date of service. Country caps would be deleted; Children who are getting older are protected. and there would be a provision that does no harm. Changes also include: (1) immediate provision of immigrant visas to spouse and children of Green Card holders; and (2) provided that derived beneficiaries of employment related petitions are exempted from the Green Card Restrictions. This would increase the number of currently available visas by tens of thousands.
The RELIEF Law is endorsed by many stakeholders for immigration. as well as IEEE-USA, an association for engineers, computer and technology professionals. According to Senator Leahy, "The mismatch between supply and demand for green cards has kept millions of immigrant families in suspense and been waiting for a chance to contribute to the nation." RELIEF Act is "Commonsense Legislation". Others, however, believe that this Approach will simply be the Fairness Act scuttle – and there will be no progress at all.
A group of Democratic Senators is seeking a hearing on the various proposals.
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