From Debasishi Paul
Learning disability can be seen as a living problem, with almost one in seven people having a problem that we are hardly aware of. Learning disability is of particular concern to the student community because we very often confuse the failure of a student with lack of intelligence and discipline, while the real reason is very often a deficit in one or more types of information processing in the brain.
While the West, and particularly the industrialized countries, are worried about spreading and curing the problem, late, but never, we have finally taken up the concept of raising awareness among people, and who would be better than the student community? In this article, I will try to explain some of the realities of learning disability, the causes of their occurrence, their healing and, finally, the role of parents and teachers in this regard.
What is learning disability?
The term learning disability was first introduced by Kirk in 1963 and covers disorders such as brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction (used by physicians), cognitive disorders, hyperkinetic behavior (used by psychologists), dyslexia and aphasia (used by speech pathologists)) etc. It may be understood as a general term which includes a number of disabilities historically recognized as separate. The common feature, however, is that learners have difficulty learning. There are many definitions of learning difficulties and each offers a slightly different bias than the other, but the common core of all these definitions are:
i) I.Q. Performance differences, d. H. The inability of the learner to reach his potential performance.
ii) central nervous system dysfunction related to brain injury or brain damage causing learning disability.
iii) Psychological processing disorder, ie a lack of ability to perceive and interpret environmental stimuli.
Learning disability therefore refers to a group of disorders that affect a wide range of academic and functional skills, including the ability to read, write, speak, spell, justify and organize information. This is not an indication of low intelligence. Noteworthy here is that learning difficulties should not be confused with mental disabilities or behavioral disorders.
Why does it happen?
The causes of learning difficulties are hard to find. The possible causes, however, can be divided into three general categories:
i) biological or organic, including specific factors such as (a) neurological dysfunction or dysfunction of the brain, which may be due to high fever, head injuries, premature birth, anoxia and even low blood sugar, (b) uneven growth pattern, developmental or intraindividual differences, etc . called
ii) genetic or hereditary
iii) environment, d. H. the factors that are present in the environment, such as (a) emotional disorder, (b) failure of education, (c) social system, etc.
Who is learning the disabled?
Learning disability involves a number of disorders and in general, no person shows all at once. The main features of learning difficulties are:
i) Significant discrepancy between learning potential and actual learning level
ii) Hyperactivity or difficulty in working, waiting for turns, maintaining attention to a task and acting without consequences
iii) Lack of coordination or slow psychomotor development
iv) memory disorder, d. H. People who do not remember simple facts, and also those who do not repeat a simple sequence of a few words immediately after listening
V) attention disorder or inability to concentrate long enough to learn new material, etc.
How can a learning disability be cured?
- Since learning disabilities involve an accumulation of disorders, their cure depends on the nature of the disorder. Some important approaches that are recognized by professionals are:
- Process training or training on the phenomena that have led to learning difficulties
- Multisensory approach
- Cognitive training or training to change the hidden thoughts
- Behavior change, etc.
Apart from the above, the right support and the timely intervention of people in their environment are surprising. Schools and colleges can help them achieve such success by fostering their strengths, knowing their weaknesses, understanding the education system, working with professionals, and learning strategies for dealing with particular difficulties. We need to understand that learning-disabled children are just as smart and able to be smarter than their peers if they are not taught on their own or not in a conventional way. In short, the healing of learning difficulties is more conscious than in a specific treatment.
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