The house cladding serves several purposes. It protects the underlying walls from weather conditions, can add an insulating layer and is just as crucial as one of the most important ways to shape the overall look of your home.
The choices you make when it comes to disguising your home are just as important as the layout, design and construction. This decision ultimately determines what the house will look like, how it will behave and what kind of maintenance it will have to withstand the years.
What is house cladding?
House claddings are cladding materials that are either directly attached to the wall (eg with stone cladding) or nailed to wooden slats (eg for wooden cladding).
Traditionally, houses in the UK have been built with massive walls of local materials such as stone. During the 20th century, however, the standard practice in wall construction began to construct cavities that divided the wall into internal and external walls, often referred to as leaves or skins.
This meant that the supporting tasks could now be taken over by the inner panel, the weather protection was taken over by the outer panel and the heat storage was achieved by adding insulation between the two sheets.
The outer wall no longer needs to sit on the floor and instead can be hung on the inner skin. This means that it can consist of much thinner sections, as it does not have to be self-supporting. All it has to do is keep the weather out – that's what house linings do.
Do I need a building permit to change / add house panels?
Changes to the house cladding usually fall under the permissible development.
This does not apply to listed buildings or houses on specially protected land within a national park or AONB.
If you live in a semi-detached house, you need to consider how the new panel will affect your neighbors.
(MORE: Complete Guide to Building Permit
Which house cladding options are there?
The main reason why most people opt for one particular trim panel material over another is the tendency to lack appearance. In other words, your choice can be dictated by the local planners, especially if you build yourself. Often, you are expected to choose a material that suits your environment.
Other factors that you should consider are the amount of maintenance you will be paying, your budget, and the person installing your house cladding (some wood cladding may be DIY-based, for example).
Your options include:
- vertical tiles
- Porcelain tile
- fiber cement
- modern synthetic materials
(MORE: Alternative cladding options for your home)
PVCu house cladding
PVCu can be one of them cheapest trim options – although it should be noted that some of the high-quality versions cost no less than wood.
Available in white, color and wood-look versions, it is made of cellular PVC in a process that produces two layers. The The outer skin contains UV-resistant titanium dioxide – which means that PVC is of good quality durable and requires minimal maintenance,
It is easy to assemble on a DIY basis, thanks to its lightweight properties and sold as interlocking boards.
The detailing is not always as sensitive as that of wood, and although it requires less maintenance than wood equivalents, PVCu may discolour over time – unless you are willing to pay more for these higher quality versions. These are often provided with up to 20 years of discoloration guarantee.
(MORE: Guide to the design of exterior coverings
Funded by Freefoam Building Products
Update your house cladding
- Get ideas and inspiration. Use magazines and picture pages like Pinterest and Instagram to see what others have achieved. It's also worth visiting manufacturer websites that often have a gallery of project pictures.
- Explore your options. Modern production techniques mean that traditional building materials are constantly changing. While wood was a traditional exterior, many are affected by the ongoing maintenance it takes. Look at other materials such as composites and PVC that offer low-maintenance options.
- Order a sample. It is important to see exactly what you are buying. Many manufacturers offer a sample service.
- Find a local installer. One of the most important parts of a project is finding the right dealer. Use websites like Trust a Trader and Rated People. Pay attention to manufacturer-specific installation schemes. They know the product range and offer a professional assembly.
For more tips, see www.mycladding.com,
Use of wooden house cladding
There are many types of wood panels, from softwood to those that are chemically or heat treated.
Softwood paneling is a good option for this on a budget, Low Wood costs include spruce and pine, with the lowest prices between £ 5-8 / m² for boards in their raw state, unsuitable.
These must be primed and painted and regularly maintained in the form of preservative treatments and repainting. Due to their maintenance requirements, over time they can be even more expensive than some hardwoods. However, if you plan to move on quickly, this may not be your problem.
What is heat treated wood paneling?
For those with a slightly larger budget, there are several types of wooden house cladding that are just right for you. They do not need to be pickled either initially or later to preserve their appearance.
Recently, the use of undyed wood has increased. These include cedar, larch and spruce as well as oak and chestnut. These woods last many decades without surface coating and are designed to smell appealing over time.
Boards come in a variety of ways, but wood panels are a DIY-based task to save money. If you contact the professionals, you can expect to pay about £ 42 / m² for the boards and assembly.
Heat treated woods such as thermowood, kebony and Accoyaare also a good choice. The heat treatment reduces its moisture content and makes it more stable than untreated wood.
Shou Sugi Ban disguise
There is a current trend in the use of charred wood panels, a practice that has existed in Japan for hundreds of years.
It is about driving a blowtorch over the surface of the wooden board to blacken it, but not to burn it. It is known as Shou Sugi Ban. The resulting look is a very attractive black finish with a lot of visual interest.
What are house trim profiles?
3 Shiplap, tongue and groove
4 PVCu trim
6 Tongue and groove
Tile Hung house cladding
If you're hoping for a more traditional finish, consider hanging tiles – a striking feature of many homes in southeast England.
Hanging tiles is not cheap and costs around £ 46 / m², depending on the tiles (handmade clay is considerably more expensive than concrete), but gives a building a lot of character.
For those who like it a little more contemporary, there are now also large-scale porcelain stoneware cladding. Take a look at the range of Porcelanosa,
Is render a form of house lining?
There are many render options when it comes to house cladding. In addition to the standard plaster on cement basis, there was a new interest in lime and clay plasters and the latest Monochouche plasters (French for single-layer or bedding).
Monocouche plasters use white cement and are pre-colored so that what you apply is as decorative as a weatherproof layer. They can be applied in one coat (typically about 15mm thick) and therefore, although initially more expensive, are less labor intensive than traditional plasters.
A monocouche plaster is supplied in ready-to-use form for mixing with water. it is then either applied by hand trowel or sprayed on.
At a cost of around £ 48 / m² (installed), both contemporary and traditional plaster work is done on unsightly brickwork
When you're ready to spend a little more, solid-color renderings are a handy option that's not great for painting.
How much is the house cladding?
Remember, cheaper is not always best. These prices do not include fixtures or labor.
- PVCu: From £ 31 / m²
- Softwood panel: From £ 5 / m²
- Hardwood and treated woodFrom £ 40 – £ 45 / m²
- Do: Plastering with a sand and cement scraper and a finer plaster finish, followed by two outside wall coatings: from £ 40 / ², incl. Work.
- Fiber cement sheathing: From 31 / m²
- Hanging clay tiles: From £ 45 / m²
- stone cladding: From £ 60 / m²
What is fiber cement sheathing?
Prefabricated fiber cement boards are one durable and low maintenance option. They are also available in a variety of colors and finishes.
Some like their consistent, "perfect" appearance, while others prefer the more natural, rustic look of wood.
Another option is fiberglass reinforced concrete cladding panels.
Can I dress my house with bricks?
Brick is often laid as a self-supporting, soil-bearing skin. Increasingly, however, brick skins or strips are used which are suspended on a metal base which is attached to an inner wall.
Although they are quick to relocate, tile slides are an expensive option for house trim.
House covering or rain cover?
A rain cover is a term that refers to an integrated system with a concealed steel frame on which the material of the outer lining is attached. They are also referred to as curtain walls and can be made of metal, glass or a modern variant of traditional materials such as tiles.
Ask the manufacturer for paneling warranties and make sure the material is acceptable to your structural insurance provider to ensure you are insured.
House Covering for Home Makeovers
If you want to get the most out of your home or just want to optimize your home's budget, then you should consider improving what you already have. There are several ways to enhance a home's appearance without completely disguising it.
It may be enough to paint ugly masonry or dirty gray pebbles with a fresh, new hue.
Also keep in mind that it may not be necessary to disguise the entire house. If you often just focus on the upper floor or add a feature panel, the exterior is embellished.
Look at these amazing outer changes for inspiration.
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