The blockade of Huawei would, according to government officials, only lead to capital, personnel and know-how being transferred to another Chinese company. From an economic point of view, the impact of executive orders on Huawei and ZTE is likely to be low. Major American mobile operators, such as AT & T and Verizon, were effectively excluded from the Chinese providers, as a 2012 congressional report said they could not be granted exemption from Beijing. As a result, Huawei and ZTE, with their small regional mobile operators, are the only customers for their network equipment in the United States, although they are well represented in Europe, Asia and elsewhere. But the order of senior executives has a symbolic value amidst the Trump administration's aggressive campaign to stop the Chinese telecom equipment providers. A Huawei spokesman did not immediately respond to a request for comment. A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman, Hua Chunying, said in December on executive reports, "Although there is no evidence, some countries have politicized the normal exchange and cooperation in science and technology." Hua added, "This actually means closing their own door to openness, progress and fairness." American officials had issued a more comprehensive ban that would also prevent the export of American technology to Huawei and other Chinese telecommunications companies. Huawei's ability to compete for 5G contracts at a critical juncture. Over the next six months, many allies and partners will decide what technology to use in their next-generation networks, American officials said. But the White House rejected the export ban Sales to Chinese companies threaten high-paying jobs and force Huawei and other companies to produce their own components on a faster schedule.