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George Orwell is a literary pseudonym, the real name of the writer is Eric Arthur Blair. Erik was born in the Indian city of Motihari in June 1903. His father was an employee in one of the departments of the colonial administration of India.

At eight years old, the future writer went to an English school for boys, where he studied until he was thirteen years old. Then Eric received a scholarship, which gave him the right to education at a prestigious Eton College in Britain.

After graduation from Eaton, the young man returned to Asia and entered the service of the Myanmar police (then this country was called Burma and was a British colony). He worked here from 1922 to 1927, and during that time he became an ardent and staunch anti-imperialist.

Ultimately, Blair decided on a desperate step – he resigned and went to Europe. Here he wandered for a long time and worked in low-skilled jobs – first in England, then in France. At some point, a young man settled in Paris and seriously engaged in literary work. His first story was called "Dog's Life in Paris and London," and he decided to publish it under the pseudonym George Orwell. This story describes the adventures that Eric himself experienced in the last few years. Critics favored the story, but ordinary readers did not buy it too eagerly.

In 1934, the American publishing house Harper & Brothers released Orwell’s second novel, Burma Days, and it was also based on autobiographical material. In 1935 and 1936 two more artistic books of the author appeared – “Let there be a ficus!” And “A daughter of a priest”. In them, Orwell criticizes the capitalist system and the English society of the thirties rather harshly.

In 1936, the writer married Aileen O'Shaughnessy, and then went with her to Spain, where a civil war broke out. Orwell arrived in this country as a journalist, but almost immediately joined the guerrilla detachment of the Marxist (but not supporting Stalin and the Soviet Union) workers' POUM party. It is known that the writer fought on the Teruel and Aragon fronts, was wounded in the throat by a sniper, after which he returned to England. And in 1937 he wrote the book “In honor of Catalonia”, where he told in detail about what he had seen in Spain.

In 1940, another major Orwellian novel came out – "For a breath of fresh air." This is a novel in which the nostalgia of the protagonist (the forty-five-year insurance agent) of childhood is mixed with the gloomy forebodings of a big catastrophe.

When World War II began, Orwell wanted to go to the front, but did not pass because of his health: he was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and old wounds made themselves felt. Having remained in England, he got a job on the BBC, where, until 1943, he conducted an anti-fascist radio program. Interestingly, in his speeches and publications of this time, the writer, despite the fact that he did not like the Stalinist regime, supported the Soviet Union in the fight against the Nazi invaders.

And at the very end of the war, when only a few weeks remained before the date of the surrender of fascist Germany, Orwell experienced a great personal tragedy – his beloved wife Aileen died suddenly.

The most important place in the heritage of Orwell is the story-story “Animal Farm,” published in the fall of 1945. This is an instructive story about how animals on a farm, expelling people, tried to build the most fair and free society. In the USSR, for ideological reasons, this story was not printed until the end of the eighties.

In 1946, the writer moved to a secluded house on the island of Jura, located near the coast of Scotland. It was here that Orwell worked on his famous novel "1984". It was published in 1949 and eventually became a cult. This novel tells about the gloomy and unfree world of the future, where everyone is controlled by the Party and its leader – the mysterious Big Brother.

In the same 1949, Orwell, tired of loneliness, offered a “companion” marriage to Sonya Brownell, who was fifteen years younger than the writer. Sonia agreed, and they got married in October 1949 right in the hospital ward – by this time Orwell was already very sick with tuberculosis.

The famous writer died just a few months later – in January 1950.

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