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Signs and symptoms of depression in a child ? Child health

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The deceit of childhood depression lies in two main points. First, the child does not know how to accurately describe his feelings and feelings, it is difficult for him to specifically explain to parents what and where he has pain, and why he is worried. Secondly, depression in childhood in most cases is masked, it is characterized by a variety of physiological signs. Somatic symptoms of parents are often interpreted as a kind of organic disease, but examinations by doctors and treatment do not give any effective result. In addition, extensive symptomatology is typical for depression in childhood, which complicates accurate diagnosis. Therefore, children often get the option of asthenic syndrome or the initial stage of psychopathy. Asthenia, psychopathy and other disorders require those treatments that are not usually used to correct the condition for depression. Therefore, such therapy does not give positive results.

The danger of childhood depression is that it can remain undetected for a long time. Parents can engage in physical health, assume that the child simply shows a capricious nature. Childhood depression can begin at a very young age, but only in adolescence can parents, teachers and psychologists at school and medical specialists suspect its presence. By the time the depressive disorder has already left a serious imprint on the development of the child’s personality, it can lead to truly irreversible consequences. In addition, depression is often accompanied by changes in the hormonal background, which will have an impact directly on the physiology of the child.

Most often, depression in childhood is masked by problems of the gastrointestinal tract. The child begins to constantly complain of abdominal pain, nausea, hiccups, belching and heartburn. In some cases, vomiting may be present. The appetite of a child during a depression is usually unstable. When depression is characterized by impaired digestion: constipation in children can be replaced by severe diarrhea.

For a depressive disorder in a child, headaches and dizziness, tinnitus, and problems with focusing eyesight are typical. The child may complain of general malaise, pain in the whole body, from which analgesics do not save. Often, against the background of depression, immunity fails, because the child often begins to get sick with viral, infectious diseases.

The physiological symptoms of childhood depression also include:

  • problems with metabolism, lack of weight or obesity;
  • muscle weakness, asthenic syndrome;
  • constant tension in the body;
  • lack of strength, not passing fatigue, lethargy;
  • body aches;
  • unreasonable rise in temperature; at the same time, the child may have a high temperature for a long time;
  • bronchitis, apnea, snoring, other breathing problems;
  • pallor or cyanosis of the skin; Often, when a child is depressed, there are bruises or dark circles under the eyes;
  • various skin diseases, herpes, thrush in childhood;
  • IRR, problems with the cardiovascular system.

For childhood depression is characterized by pre-unconsciousness, in some cases, fainting.

A child with depression may have some symptoms typical of epilepsy.

In severe cases, there is a temporary loss of hearing, vision, ability to speak, move.

In the evening, in children with depression, motor activity increases dramatically. They can run around the house, screaming, spinning restlessly in bed. Their movements look nervous, clumsy, sharp and often meaningless.

With this disorder, the nervous system suffers greatly. Symptoms of childhood depression can manifest themselves through insomnia, nightmares, nervous tics, loss of nervous sensitivity.

The main signs by which one can suspect the development of a painful condition in a child affect the psyche, emotions. These signs are as follows:

  • mood swings, however, depression, sadness, despondency, apathy dominate;
  • negativism;
  • increased aggression, irritability, anxiety;
  • anxiety, panic attacks;
  • tearfulness or constant closeness to tears, hypersensitivity, vulnerability;
  • isolation, care in your world and your thoughts;
  • behavioral disorders: the child becomes disobedient, misbehaves;
  • fixation on negative thoughts, events and emotions;
  • children in the period of depression very often whine, complain of constant boredom, they are not interested in anything, they are not attracted to new toys, they do not seek to play and contact with other guys;
  • depression, constant feeling of longing, fear of death and loneliness;
  • strong laziness;
  • delayed thinking: it becomes difficult for a child to absorb new information; a child can for a long time consider answers to even basic questions;
  • sharp memory impairment; distraction;
  • speech, as a rule, becomes slow, often incoherent, inhibited;
  • in a depressed state, children tend to fall into deep thoughtfulness;
  • low self-esteem, timidity;
  • heightened indifference can manifest itself in surprising obedience.

Depressive disorder often forms strange and frightening thoughts in the mind of a child. He begins to fear the end of the world or some kind of catastrophe, painfully experiences moments when he has to part with his mother.

A child becomes gloomy, unsmiling, rude, suspicious, suspicious. In such a painful state, any criticism can be very acutely perceived. Remarks or reproaches cause an insult that is inadequate in size, and the slightest injustice can provoke a hysteria with shouts and tears.

Experts note that some form of regression is characteristic of childhood depression. This is manifested in the fact that already a sufficiently adult child suddenly starts playing toys and games intended for babies, asks for a pacifier, demands that he be carried in her arms, asks to sleep in her parents' bed. Regression can also occur through thumb sucking.

Not always depressive disorder is accompanied by all these symptoms. However, if the overwhelming majority of symptoms are present and persist for a long time, this is a reason to consult a specialist.

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