The best time to land a cypress tree in the middle zone is April, after the snow melts and the soil warms up. But the place for planting is recommended to be prepared in advance, from autumn. What is important to know:
- Ideal soil for cypress is loam, fertilized and well drained. Raw "heavy" land, as well as limestone – do not fit. A close occurrence of groundwater can be simply disastrous.
- Place. Cypress trees are planted in the penumbra.
- The gap between the cypress trees is at least 1 m. The roots of the cypress tree need a lot of space!
- Landing pit. Depth – 1 m, width – 0,5-0,6 m. At the bottom lay a drainage cushion thickness of 20 cm (coarse-grained sand or expanded clay). Then follows a layer of soil from three parts of turf soil, the same volume of humus, two parts of peat and one part of sand. With such a mixture, the pit is half asleep and left until the spring.
The roots of the seedlings must necessarily be in the ground, so they are usually sold in containers. Plant a cypress tree like this:
- Prepare a primer of the same composition that fell into the pits in the fall.
- Pour a pit well.
- Pour the cypress into a container to soak the soil. Then take out the seedling along with the clod of earth. If there are overgrown roots, spread them.
- Put a seedling together with a clod of earth in the center of the pit. Pour the prepared soil mixture so that the root neck is 10 cm above the soil level. Add fertilizer to the soil mixture – a nitroammon (300 g per tree).
- Pour well well, so that the soil is moistened, settled and compacted.
- Add the soil mixture to the level of the root collar of the young cypress.
The zone around the trunk is recommended to be sprinkled with sawdust, dry peat or crushed bark.
- Watering. Cypress loves moisture, so in the warm season it should be watered every week. Young plants need a "portion" of 5 liters of water, adults – 10 liters. In summer heat, the volume and frequency of irrigation increase.
- Irrigation. Young cypresses should be watered from the hose every day. When the plants grow, this procedure will be enough to spend once a week.
- Care for the near-trunk circle. We need regular loosening of the soil, so that it always remains soft. Do not go deeper than 20 cm, so as not to damage the roots. Be sure to weed out the weeds and sprinkle mulch as needed.
- Use special fertilizers for conifers. The first feeding of young cypresses is about eight weeks after disembarkation. In subsequent years, fertilizers are introduced every two weeks in spring and early June, not later.
- Pest control. Cypress pennies are threatened by a spider mite and scab. When pests appear, use suitable chemicals.
- Wintering. In autumn, the soil around the trunk is covered with a thick layer of peat or sawdust. Crowns of young cypresses in front of frosts are covered with burlap or agrofiber. In the spring, the covers are removed.
Also, cypress trees need to be cut and shaped into a crown. This is done in the spring, before the vegetation period. Be sure to remove the dried and frozen branches. The crown is pruned usually conically, sometimes figuratively. Depth of trimming – no more than a third of the branch.
Care for another popular conifers – yew – is quite simple. But, of course, there are special features.
- The best place for planting is well-lit, but half-shade is allowed. It is important that the site is far from the roads, polluting the air of enterprises – yew likes pure air.
- Planting of seedlings is best done at the end of summer or in autumn.
- The pit size is about 70 cm, about 25 cm from roots in each side. At the bottom of the drainage, as for the cypress. Soil for filling: two parts of peat and sand and three parts of leaf or sod land.
- The distance between plants is from 1.5 to 2.5 m. For yew hedges, the seedlings are planted with an interval of half a meter.
When care for yew trees should consider the following:
- Be sure to water only need a tree to three years. Once a month 10 or more liters of water are poured under the root of each yew. Adult trees need additional moisture only during a drought.
- Periodic loosening of the near-bottom zone is also required only in the first two to three years. In the future, this becomes less significant.
- Tees are resistant to plant diseases. However, it is not completely protected from fungal diseases and some parasites. In these cases, plants are sprayed with fungicides.