Synovial bags, also called bursami, are located in the area of the joints. Most often bursitis develops in the region of elbows, shoulders or knees. Sometimes, bags located in the region of the hip or ankle can also become inflamed.
The main sign of bursitis development is the presence of a rounded swelling of 8-10 cm in diameter around the joint. Also to the symptoms of this disease are:
- aching, shooting or pulsating pain in the shoulder, elbow, knee, ankle, etc. with the return to the limb, increasing at night;
- due to the accumulation of fluid in the intercellular space of the edema;
- limited limb movement;
- high body temperature (up to 40 C);
- redness swelling;
- increase at the location of the swelling of the lymph nodes.
Go to the doctor and treat bursitis should the manifestation of the first of his symptoms. Otherwise, the disease can go into a chronic form. In this case, it can be cured only by surgical intervention.
Treatment of acute bursitis is carried out in most cases complex. First of all, the doctor appoints the patient to bed rest. During the first 2-5 days, the patient's joint should be absolutely immobile.
Very often with bursitis the doctor even applies a langet on the joint. Sometimes, bed rest for a patient with such a problem is prescribed for 10 days (but not more).
From medications for bursitis, the patient is usually prescribed anti-inflammatory pills, for example, analgesics and ointments. Locally in this case, most often used are such drugs as "Leovmecol", "Dimexid", "Teraflex."
Also, a patient with bursitis in most cases is prescribed physiotherapy. This can be, for example, procedures such as UV irradiation, UVT, electrophoresis, ozocerite applications.
Bursitis treatment lasts for about 2 weeks. The maximum patient recovers for 5 weeks. After the beginning of the period of remission, the patient is usually prescribed restoring gymnastics and massage with the use of oils.
This disease develops more often among tennis players, golfers and skiers. Also people who are engaged in manual labor – loaders, builders, miners – are exposed to it. Sometimes bursitis also develops in obese people.
In some cases, allergic reactions or the deposition of salts in the joints can trigger this disease. In persons suffering from alcoholism, drug addiction, AIDS, the risk of developing bursitis greatly increases.
The causes of inflammation of synovial bags can be:
- trauma, bruise or abrasion;
- furuncle, erysipelas, carbuncle;
- excessive physical exertion.
In order to prevent the development of bursitis, athletes and people engaged in heavy physical labor, in the first place, should in a timely manner give joints rest. Also, measures to prevent this disease include the timely treatment of any wounds in the joint area.